Jaisalmer Tourism

Complete details about desert state of rajasthan jaisailmer which is famous for its havelis, sand dunes, camel safari, jaisalmer forts and other sightseeing places to visit.
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Area : 5.1 sq. km.
Altitude: 225 mtrs.
Best Time To Visit Jaisalmer / Best Season : July to March, Rainfall : 30 cms.
Climate : Extremely hot summers with maximum temperature touching 47 'C. Cold winters – min 1'C
Clothing: Summer Tropical Winter Woollen
Season : October to February
Language : Rajasthani, Hindi, English.
Excursion: Desert Safari, Desert National Park.

The golden beauty, etched in yellow sandstone. Perched atop the Trikuta Hill, it stands tall against miles of gleaming sand. Epitomising the desolate, awesome charm of the desert. Jaisalmer, the city of the golden fort is a fantasy in yellow sandstone in the heart of the Thar Desert. Jaisalmer FortThe city was founded in 1156 by Rawal Jaisal, a Bhatti Rajput King. Legend has it, that Lord Krishna – the head of Yadav Clan, foretold Arjuna that a remote descendent of Yadav Clan would build his kingdom atop the Trikuta Hill. His prophecy was fulfilled, when in 1156 AD Rawal Jaisal, a descendant of Yadav Clan and a Bhatti Rajput, founded the city of Jaisalmer. This amber-hued city, in the heart of the desert, dazzles gloriously in the early morning. The sunset has a peculiar glow here. As the night descends, the sky goes up in flames, which fade leaving a few embers, till it becomes black. A breathtaking sight indeed! Jaisalmer is famous for cobbled streets, strewn with palaces, forts, temples and havelis. Every house, here, is exquisitely carved, having filigreed work all over. These houses date back to 12th – 15th century. And hence Jaisalmer is called 'the Museum city'.

The city has an intresting legend associated with it, according to which, Lord Krishna – the head of the Yadav Clan , foretold Arjuna that a remote descendent of the Yadav Clan would build his kingdom atop the Trikuta hill . His prophency was fulfilled in 1156 A.D when Rawal Jaisal , a descendent of the Yadav Clan and a Bhatti Rajput, Abandond his fort at Lodurva and founded a new capital – Jaisalemr , perched on the Trikuta hill.

Over the years the remote location of Jaisalmer kept it almost untouched by outside influences. In the 13th century Ala-ud-din Khilji Emperor of Delhi besieged the fort for nine years in an effort to take back the treasure taken by the Bhatti Rajput from his imperial caravan train. When the fall of the fort was imminent the women of the fort committed Jauhar, an act of mass self-immolation, while men donned saffron robes and rode to their certain death. Duda son of Jaitasimha, a Bhatti hero also perished in the battle. Dudas descendants continued to rule Jaisalmer. In 1541 they even fought Mughal Emperor Himayun. Though their relations with Mugshal was not always hostile. Sabala Simha won the patronage of Mughal Emperor Shaha Jahan for battle distinctions in Peshawar and the right to rule Jaisalmer. In the days of Raj, Jaisalmer was the last to sign the Instrument of Agreement with the British.

Places to see

- Jaisalmer Fort
Renew yourself amid the past galore, as you visit the commanding Jaisalmer Fort. The fort stands guard over the desertscape from its 250 feet high perch on the hill with its wall following the contours of the hills. The steep cobblestone pathways leading to the royal palace pass through four gates. The sharp twists and turns make the fort invincible. The fort has five interconnected palaces with 'jaali' screens and dainty 'jharokhas' – all showpieces of Jaisalmer artisans' talent.

Within the fort are three exquisitely sculptured Jain temples.

- Gadsisar Lake
A rain water lake, adorned with an arched gateway. Many small shrines and temples are festooned a11 around the lake. Today, it is an ideal picnic spot, famous for boating.

- Salim Singh-ki-Haveli
Salim Singh-ki-HaveliWitness the legendary architectural wealth of Jaisalmer at Salim Singh's haveli, truly unsurpassed in splendour. Of particular note are the blue roof and rows of peacocks below the arched balconies. The haveli was once the residence of the Mohta family, ministers of Jaisalmer rulers.

- Patwon ki Haveli
It is the grandest mansion in Jaisalmer, not to be missed at all. This five haveli wonder has its ceiling supported by exquisitely carved pillars and its delicately chiselled balconies surely leave you mesmerised.

- Nathmalji ki Haveli
This haveli was carved by two brothers. One worked on right side and the other on left, but the harmony in design exists still. Screened windows, projected balconies and intricate carvings illustrate superb craftsmanship.

Jain Temples
Within the citadel are the splendorous Jain temples, dedicated to Rishabdevji, Sambhavnathji and Parshvanathji.

The Parshvanathji Temple is the oldest and the most beautiful of the Jain temples. Human and animal figures are carved on the walls of its sanctum and the rising dome or 'shikhar' is crowned by an amalak and a waterpot containing a lotus flower.

Gyan Bhandar or Library
A part of the Jain temples, the library contains some of the oldest manuscripts of India.

Shopping in Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer's flourishing tourist trade has made it one of the best places in India to shop for souvenirs . Prices are comparatively high and the salesmen notoriously hard at work, but the choice of stuff on sale puts the town on a par with Pushkar and Jaipur. Good buys include woven jackets, tie-dyed cloth, wooden boxes and ornaments, camel-leather slippers ( jhoolis ) and Western-style clothes. Puppets are sold inside Number One (aka "First Fort") Gate, but you'll get better prices buying direct from the puppet-makers' quarter north of town, immediately below the "Sunset Point"; to find it, pick your way through Bhatia Bazaar and follow the main arterial road north past the Narayan Niwas Palace hotel, turning left when you reach a junction that drops downhill past a row of painted mud-and-thatch houses.

Camel Safari in Jaisalmer
Few visitors who make it as far as Jaisalmer pass up the opportunity to go on a camel trek , which provides an irresistibly romantic chance to cross the barren sands on a sturdy ship of the desert, sleeping under what must rank as one of the starriest skies in the world. Sandstorms, sore backsides and camel farts aside, the safaris are usually great fun.

How to reach

- Airways
Nearest airport is in Jodhpur.
- Railways
Well connected to cities within Rajasthan. A broad gouge line connects Jodhpur to Jaislamer.
- Roadways
Jodhpur is well connected to good roads to Udaipur, Jaipur Ahemdabad.

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